Census 2020

Census 2020

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CensusNew in 2020 | Video | Who is CountedImportance | QuestionsPurpose |  ConfidentialDates | Census 101 FactsheetsMore Info

The US Census

Every 10 years, the US government counts every person living in the 50 states, District of Columbia, and five U.S. territories. The count is required by the Constitution and conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. The results of the census determine the number of seats each state will have in the U.S. House of Representatives, determine the number of Electoral College votes each state will have, and are used to draw congressional and state legislative districts. The census also provides critical data that lawmakers, businesses and many others use to provide funding, services, products, and support for you and your community.

PDF iconCenus at a Glance

PDF iconFrequently Asked Questions about the Census






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New in 2020

  • 2020 will be the first year individuals will be able to respond online, by phone, as well as by mail. 
  • Each household will receive a letter in the mail in March 2020 inviting them to complete the Census . 
  • The invitation letter will include a 10 digit user ID to log in by phone or online. 
  • Public Libraries will have computers available to complete the Census.
  • The invitation letter will also include information on obtaining a paper census form. Some invitation letters will include a paper census form.
  •  Households who do not complete the Census will be visited at home by a census worker. 
  • Forms are available in 12 non-English languages and census language guides are available in 59 non-English languages.

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Census 2020 Informational Videos

Census Day - We Count






  LWV ABC Census Forum 

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The Census Counts Every Person in the US

  • Babies
  • Children
  • Citizens
  • Legal residents
  • Undocumented immigrants
  • Non-citizen long-term visitors
  • Renters
  • Home Owners
  • Homeless
  • Prisoners in jails and prisons
  • People in hospitals and nursing homes

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Why is it important for everyone to be counted? 

  • Minnesota may lose a Congressional seat in the US Congress 
  • Minnesota could lose an Electoral College vote
  • For the next 10 years, Minnesota will lose federal funding of $2800 every year for each person not counted in the Census.

Minnesota Could Be a Big Loser in 2020 (2 minute video)

In 2010, Minnesota received the last seat in the US House

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What Questions are on the 2020 Census? 

Census 2020 does not have a question about citizenship.

Census questions about the household:

    • Number of people living in Household
    • Type of housing - owned, rented
    • Telephone number 

Census questions about each person:

    • Name
    • Sex
    • Age and Date of Birth
    • Hispanic, Latino or Spanish origin?
    • Race

Sample Census 2020 Paper Questionaire              

Why We Ask

Video Guide to Completing the 2020 Census Online

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What is the Census Information Used For?

Fair Representation

    • Determines the number of seats Minnesota has in the US House of Representatives
    • Determines the number of Minnesota Electoral College votes
    • Determines the legislative districts for the Minnesota Legislature

Federal Government funding in your community for:

    • Roads and transportation
    • Police and fire services
    • Medicare Part B
    • Medical Assistance Program
    • State Children's Health Insurance Program
    • Special education
    • Head Start
    • Adult Education
    • National school lunch program
    • College financial assistance
    • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
    • Foster care
    • Adoption Assistance
    • Child Care
    • Section 8 Housing Assistance
    • Senior Housing
    • Energy assistance

                                    ...and many more government programs

Types of Federal Funding Received in Minnesota (2016)

Pie Chart of Census Based Federal Funding to Minnesota


Counting For Dollars - Minnesota 

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 Personal Information is Confidential

The US Census Bureau cannot share or publish your personal information for 72 years.

    • Only population totals and sub-totals (numbers) are released to the public and other government agencies.
    • Personal information (names of people in household, address, etc.) cannot be shared with other government agencies such as Homeland Security, the FBI, the police, Immigration or the Internal Revenue Service.

Census Confidentiality Fact Sheet               Census Safety and Security Fact Sheet

Federal Laws That Protect Census Confidentiality

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 Important Census 2020 Dates

 Due to the pandemic , some dates had to be revised

The US Census Bureau will send each household: 
  • March 12-20, 2019 - An invitation letter to respond online.
  • March 16-24, 2019 - A reminder letter. 

If a household does not respond, The US Census Bureau will send:

  • March 26 - April 3, 2020 - A reminder postcard.
  • April 8-16, 2020 - A reminder letter and paper questionnaire.
  • April 20-27, 2020 - A final reminder postcard. 

If a household still does not respond:

  • July 16 - September 30, 2020 - Official US Census takers will go door to door to count people who have not responded to the 2020 Census. Census workers will wear masks.

After all households have responded, the Census Bureau will:

  • December 31, 2020  will deliver apportionment counts to the President and Congress as required by law.
  • March 31, 2021will send redistricting counts to the states. This information is used to redraw legislative districts based on population changes.
  • March 31, 2021 - make initial 2020 Census data available to the public on census.gov 

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Census 101 Factsheets

PDF iconCensus 101 Factsheet - English

PDF iconCensus 101 Factsheet - Hmong

PDF iconCensus 101 Factsheet - Lao

PDF iconCensus 101 Factsheet - Somali

PDF iconCensus 101 Factsheet - Spanish


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 More Information

US Census Bureau Webpage

Minnesota 2020 Census Webpage

Minnesota 2020 Census Facebook


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